Outcomes of Recovery
- The New Hampshire Dual Diagnosis Study sought to be able to better predict expected treatment outcomes of patients with co-occurring schizophrenic and substance use disorders. The patients with these disorders did significantly less well than patients with co-occurring bipolar and substance use disorders in terms of hospitalization, independent living, and quality of life.
- Xie H, McHugo G. J, Helmstetter BS, Drake R. E. (2005). Three-year recovery outcomes for long-term patients with co-occurring schizophrenic and substance use disorders. Schizophrenia Research, 75 (2-3), 337-48.
- This paper reviews the varied outcomes of schizophrenia in 3 senses; across individuals, between groups of individuals, and within any given individual. It also provides a brief consideration of future directions for research, with a goal of improving current clinical and rehabilitative efforts.
- Davidson, L. and McGlashan, T.H. (1997). The varied outcomes of schizophrenia. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 42, 34-41.
- The International Pilot Study of Schizophrenia found that patients in countries outside Europe and the United States have a more favorable short- and medium-term course of schizophrenia than those seen in developed countries.
- Sartorius, N., Gulbinat, W., Harrison, G., Laska, E. and Siegel, C. (1996). Long-term follow-up of schizophrenia in 16 countries: A description of the International Study of Schizophrenia conducted by the World Health Organization. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 31, 249-258.