Correlates, Predictors & Indicators of Recovery

Predicting Recovery From Schizophrenia: A Retrospective Comparison of Characteristics at Onset of People With Single and Multiple Episodes

Research Based

  • A retrospective study was designed to determine whether socio-demographic and clinical factors at onset, previously shown to relate to outcome, differentiated those with a single episode with no persistent symptoms of schizophrenia from other outcome groups.
  • Rosen, K., & Garety, P. (2005). Predicting recovery from schizophrenia: A retrospective comparison of characteristics at onset of people with single and multiple episodes. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 31(3), 735-750.

Early intervention and recovery for young people with early psychosis: consensus statement


  • This document attempts to play an encouraging role in enhancing the quality of care for psychotic disorders. An international version of this declaration has been produced, which articulates the universal principles of early intervention and tries to blend these with local capacities and cultural diversity.
  • Bertolote, J., & McGorry, P. (2005). Early intervention and recovery for young people with early psychosis: Consensus

Recovery Style and outcome in first-episode psychosis

Research Based


  • This study aimed to investigate how recovery styles influence 12-month clinical outcome in first-episode psychosis patients, with results that challenge how we think of individuals’ recovery styles and psychological interventions that could improve outcome.
  • Thompson, K. N., McGorry, P. D., & Harrigan, S M. (2003). Recovery style and outcome in first-episode psychosis. Schizophrenia Research, 62(1-2), 31-36.


Social Precursors to onset and recovery from episodes of common mental illness

Research Based


  • The British House Panel Survey (BHPS) provided an opportunity to study the effects of social factors and family circumstances on the launch and finish of symptomatic states of common mental illnesses. Many of the findings reported in this study confirm known factors that increase the probability of an episode of mental illness or decrease the probability of a recovery.
  • Pevalin, D. J., & Goldberg, D. P. (2003). Social precursors to onset and recovery from episodes of common mental illness. Psychological Medicine, 33, 299-306.


Correlates of vocational recovery for persons with schizophrenia

Research Based


  • This paper discusses a national study of a non-representative sample of 109 individuals with a self reported diagnosis of a schizophrenia spectrum disorder, whom completed a survey on sustained employment of people with serious mental illness.
  • Russinova, Z., Wewiorski, N. J., Lyass, A., Rogers, E. S., & Massaro, J. M. (2002). Correlates of vocational recovery for persons with schizophrenia. International Review of Psychiatry, 14(4), 303-311.

Evidence-based practices and recovery



  • The authors of this paper discuss their opinion that the amount of support given by consumer advocates for evidence-based practices depends on the degree of disability of the persons for whom they are advocating.
  • Fisher, D. B., & Ahern, L. (2002). Evidence-based practices and recovery. Psychiatric Services, 53(5), 632-633.

Recovery as a psychological construct

Research Based


  • The Recovery Scale and several other measures were administered to 35 patients in a partial hospitalization program, showing recovery to be positively associated with self-esteem, empowerment, social support, and quality of life.
  • Corrigan, P. W., Giffort, D., Rashid, F., Leary, M., & Okeke, I. (1999). Recovery as a psychological construct. Community Mental Health Journal, 35, 231-240.


How Consumers/Survivors are Evaluating the Quality of Psychiatric Care



  • This article discusses the role of mental health consumers in evaluating the quality of psychiatric care and applying sophisticated data strategies to affect mental health system reform in the past decade.
  • Campbell, J. (1997). How consumers/survivors are evaluating the quality of psychiatric care. Evaluation Review, 21(3), 357-363.


Recovery Style from mental illness and long-term outcome

Research Based


  • Integration and sealing over, clinically distinct recovery styles from schizophrenia, were applied reliably to 231 patients from the Chestnut Lodge follow-up study at long-term outcome and were found to be strongly correlated with functional outcome.
  • McGlashan, T. H. (1987). Recovery style from mental illness and long-term outcome. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 175(11), 681-685.