How do I figure out what options fit my preferences, values, interests, and strengths?
The most important thing to do when making a decision about work is to identify the available jobs, careers, or training programs that best fit your preferences, values, and strengths.
Preferences are what you like. We generally figure out what we like through experience, which also teaches us what we don’t like. To figure out your preferences, you may look back at your past jobs, volunteer experiences, or even school, to figure out what you liked about them, and what you didn’t like. Think about what those experiences taught you about what you want in the future. Those are your preferences. For example, someone who didn’t like having a supervisor breathing down their neck may have a preference for some Autonomy in their next job.
Values are what is important to you. Our values help us make decisions, and guide our actions. Examples of values may be beauty, honesty, status, fairness, success. Everyone’s values are different. Values may be important in choosing work because where we work and what we do for work may be influenced by our values. For example, if Family is a value for you, you might make decisions about work that allow you to spend time with your family, or that wouldn’t take you too far away from your family. If Status was important, you might look for jobs that would give you a feeling of having “made it.”
Below are a couple of sites that might help you to clarify your own values:
- The Department of Labor’s O*NET has a work values section.
- Therapist Aid: Worksheets and tools for mental health professionals has a simple, easy to use values list
- Steve Pavlina has a long, complex list of over 400 values.
Interests are the activities you like to do, or the areas that you like to learn about. Interests can help you think about how like to spend your time. If we can find a job that matches an interest of ours, we may be more likely to be satisfied with that job.
Strengths are what you’re good at. We’ve talked about strengths previously. Strengths have a part to play in making a decision about what work you want to do. What you’re good at may influence your goal, in that you may want to pick something that you’re good at, or that you have experience with. However, you may want to pick something you could become good at over time, with training and experience. Not knowing how to do something yet may not have to be a barrier to setting a goal to do a job or get into a career. Many people decide they want to be something before they can do it, but it requires us to make plans for learning how to do that job before we do it, or even as we start doing it. Examples might be: Deciding you want to be a paralegal, and applying to paralegal training programs in order to learn how to be one; or starting a job and getting on-the-job-training.
When you look at your job options, even if there only a few, think about which one best fits your values, preferences, interests, and strengths. You can even try putting this into a table, sometimes called a decision-making matrix (Cohen, et al., 1991) and line up your preferences, values, interests, and strengths on one side, and compare them to your job or career options on the other. Tally up which option has more of what you want. Below is a blank example:
|Job Option 1||Job Option 2|