Research Studies


This section features a sampling of research studies performed on topics pertaining to Vocational Rehabilitation & successful employment outcomes. If you identify an important study that could be listed here & is not, please let the site administrator know at


Synthesis of the Research Literature on Job Accommodations for People with Psychiatric Disabilities 1990-2010 

MacDonald-Wilson, K., Lin, C. H., & Farkas, M. (2010). Synthesis of the Research Literature on Job Accommodations for People with Psychiatric Disabilities 1990-2010. Boston:Boston University, Sargent College, Center for Psychiatric Rehabilitation.

This review systematically analyzes the job accommodation literature for individuals with psychiatric disabilities, using a grading scheme for rating the rigor & meaning of disability research.


Systematic Review of Peer Delivered Services Literature 1989 – 2009

Rogers, E. S., Kash-MacDonald, M., Brucker, D. (2009). Systematic Review of Peer Delivered Services Literature 1989 – 2009. Boston: Boston University, Sargent College, Center for Psychiatric Rehabilitation,

The objective of this review is to identify & review all literature related to support services delivered by peers, including services employing peers, for individuals with severe mental illness.


Work, Recovery, & Comorbidity in Schizophrenia: A Randomized Controlled Trial of Cognitive Remediation

McGurk, S. R., Mueser, K. T., DeRosa, T. J., & Wolfe, R. (2009). Work, recovery, & comorbidity in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, sbn182.

This study combines the results of research review & the results of a randomized controlled trial. Research reviewed studied how severe mental illness in combination with three common comorbid conditions impacts work & response to vocational rehabilitation. The randomized control trial evaluated the effects of a cognitive remediation of vocational rehabilitation outcomes.


The Effectiveness of Supported Employment in People with Dual  Disorders

Mueser, K. T., Campbell, K., & Drake, R. E. (2011). The effectiveness of supported employment in people with dual disorders. Journal of dual diagnosis, 7(1-2), 90-102.

Individual Placement & Support (IPS) was compared to vocational rehabilitation programs in order to examine competitive work outcomes of people with a severe mental illness & co-occurring substance use disorder. These outcomes were tracked over 18 months to measure attainment of work, hours & weeks worked, job tenure, wages earned, & days to first job.


PDF: Workplace Prejudice & Discrimination Toward Individuals with Mental Illnesses

Russinova, Z., Griffin, S., Bloch, P., Wewiorski, N. J., & Rosoklija, I. (2011). Workplace prejudice & discrimination toward individuals with mental illnesses. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 35(3), 227-241.

This paper addresses workplace prejudice & discrimination against individuals with serious mental illnesses by presenting findings gathered from consumers who have experienced such behavior as well as a subsequent study on the topic.


A Qualitative Investigation of Individual & Contextual Factors Associated with Vocational Recovery Among People With Serious Mental Illness

Dunn, E. C., Wewiorski, N. J., & Rogers, E. S. (2010). A qualitative investigation of individual & contextual factors associated with vocational recovery among people with serious mental illness. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 80(2), 185-194. doi:10.1111/j.1939-0025.2010.01022.x

Most people with serious mental illness (SMI) experience difficulty in fulfilling a vocational role, with many being unemployed or underemployed. Given the profound social & economic costs of this level of work impairment, researchers have investigated ways to enhance “vocational recovery,” or the processes through which people with SMI regain their role as workers & reintegrate into the workforce. Using data collected from a larger qualitative study of 23 individuals who had progressed to an advanced stage of recovery from SMI, this study explored respondents’ perspectives on employment & its relationship to their vocational recovery.


Who Benefits from Supported Employment: A Meta-Analytic Study

Campbell, K., Bond, G. R., & Drake, R. E. (2011). Who benefits from supported employment: a meta-analytic study. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 37(2), 370-380.

Using meta-analysis, the authors examined which subgroups of individuals with severe mental illness benefited from the Individual Placement & Support (IPS) model of supported employment.


Predictors of Financial Self-Sufficiency Among Social Security Beneficiaries with Psychiatric Disabilities

Russinova, Z., Rogers, E.S., Ellison, M.L., Bloch, P., Lyass, A. & Wewiorski (2013). Predictors of financial self-sufficiency among Social Security beneficiaries with psychiatric disabilities.Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 38(1), 49-66. DOI 10.3233/JVR-120620.

This study explored the predictors of financial self-sufficiency among Social Security beneficiaries with psychiatric disabilities. The study was conducted with individuals who were either past or current disability beneficiaries & who had sustained competitive employment as evidenced by their involvement in a longitudinal investigation on sustained employment among persons with serious mental illnesses. We conducted an exploratory cross-sectional study employing a survey methodology to determine what factors were associated with participants’ capacity to leave the Social Security disability rolls due to gainful employment.


PDF: The Impact of Job Accommodations on Employment Outcomes Among Individuals with Psychiatric Disabilities

Chow, C. M., Cichocki, B., & Croft, B. (2014). The Impact of Job Accommodations on Employment Outcomes Among Individuals With Psychiatric Disabilities. Psychiatric Services.

The effects of job accommodations on work hours & duration of employment were studied using data from a four-year longitudinal study which spanned eight states & multiple sites. All participants were recruited from facilities providing outpatient psychiatric services.


PDF: Supported Employment – Assessing the Evidence

Marshall, Tina, Richard W. Goldberg, Lisa Braude, Richard H. Dougherty, Allen S. Daniels, Sushmita Shoma Ghose, Preethy George, Miriam E. Delphin-Rittmon. (2014). Supported employment: assessing the evidence. Psychiatric Services, 65(1), 16-23.

This article assesses the evidence base for Supported Employment by reviewing meta-analyses, research reviews, & individual studies from 1995 through 2012.


Generalizability of the Individual Placement & Support (IPS) Model of Supported Employment Outside the US

Bond, G. R., Drake, R. E., & Becker, D. R. (2012). Generalizability of the Individual Placement & Support (IPS) model of supported employment outside the US. World Psychiatry, 11(1), 32-39.

Through the comparison of 9 US & non-US randomized controlled trials, this study examined competitive employment outcomes in IPS, including employment rate & hours worked. Consideration was also given to noncompetitive employment, program retention, & nonvocational outcomes.


Social Security Disability Insurance: Research, Statistics & Policy Analysis

The Annual Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program & the Annual Statistical Supplement are good sources of statistics about employment of people with disabilities. The reports from the last 12-13 years are available.


University of Illinois at Chicago : Employment Intervention Demonstration Program (EIPD)

This multi-site research study includes programs that combine vocational rehabilitation with clinical services & supports. This site contains all current information on the study.


PDF: Social Costs of Expanding Access to Evidence-Based Supported Employment – Concepts & Interpretive Review of Evidence

Salkever, D. (2013). Social costs of expanding access to evidence-based supported employment: concepts & interpretive review of evidence. Psychiatric Services, 64(2), 111-119.

This article extends the scope of a policy analysis which argues that greater access to evidence-based supported employment can reduce social costs. Here, the author examines 27 studies to place this argument to perform a social cost-effectiveness analysis which uses net consumption of all goods & services as the basis of a program’s social cost impact.


PDF: Getting to Work – Promoting Employment of People With Mental Illness

Getting to Work: Promoting Employment of People with Mental Illness. Rep. The Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law, Sept. 2014. Web. 19 Sept. 2014.

Supported employment services have continued to successfully help people with lived experience gain competitive employment. Here, the Bazelon Center’s explains why states should expand investments in these services, which are more cost effective than other alternatives.


Systematic Review of Supported Education Literature 1989 – 2009

Rogers, E. S., Kash-MacDonald, M., Bruker, D., & Maru, M. (2010). Systematic Review of Supported Education Literature, 1989 – 2009. Boston: Boston University, Sargent College, Center for Psychiatric Rehabilitation.

This article reviews & rates supported education research published during the above time period.